Thursday, December 20, 2012

Poetry Annotation & Explication

Students took a final exam demonstrating their skills in analyzing, annotating, writing, and citing and were quite successful!  I'm so proud of my literary scholars shooting for college-level thinking!  Their first task in this final exam was to read five poems:  "Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost, "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" by William Shakespeare, "The New Colossus" by Emma Lazarus, "Hope" by Emily Dickinson, and "The Garden of Love" by William Blake.  Students then chose one poem to annotate each line of the poem and write an explication, or analysis of the poem using cited evidence.  In their explication, they chose to argue topics such as theme, mood, tone, symbolism, and/or conflict.  Enjoy delving into the creative and thoughtful minds below by reading some superb examples of literary annotations and explications!

Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening
By:  Robert Frost

1 Whose woods these are I think I know[A1] 
2 His house is in the village though[A2] ;
3 He will not see me [A3] stopping here[A4] 
4 To watch his woods fill up with snow[A5] .

5 My little horse [A6] must think it queer[A7] 
6 To stop [A8] without a farmhouse near[A9] 
7 Between the woods and frozen lake[A10] 
8 The darkest evening of the year[A11] .

9 He gives his harness bells a shake[A12] 
10 To ask if there is some mistake[A13] .
11 The only other sound's the sweep[A14] 
12 Of easy wind [A15] and downy flake[A16] .[A17] 

13 The woods are lovely[A18] , dark and deep[A19] .
14 But I have promises to keep[A20] ,
15 And miles to go before I sleep[A21] ,
16 And miles to go before I sleep[A22] .

In the poem “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening” by Robert Frost, a traveler is stopping in the empty woods that are owned by a man who must be powerful.  The man who owns the woods also seems to have left the woods alone for a while, and has other important business in the village.  The poet has also left you questioning, because he is not telling the reader what his business here is, so the reader’s mood is confused and interested.  We can also assume that this traveler’s business is secret, and he is being secretive, because he seems to not want to be seen by the man who owns the woods.  The writer also sounds like Jack Frost, because he mentions that he is going to “watch his woods fill up with snow”, which sound like the writer is the one who is going to fill the woods up with snow.  The horse being confused that the traveler is stopping tells me that this horse is smart, and knows that they have other business to do.  And maybe he has to stop because it is the “darkest evening of the year”.  And possibly the reason that it is very quiet and empty is because it is so dark.  And the way that he describes the woods as beautiful and “lovely” tells me that he enjoys being here.  But because he describes the woods as “deep” he is looking for some lost object.  Or many people get lost here because the foliage is so thick.  And because he has “promises to keep”, this says that he cannot stay, and that someone is telling him to do this, someone who is also powerful.  Or possibly he has “promises to keep” because he has some desire to find something.  And he must have already traveled many miles, although he has many to go.  His repetition in the last two lines says that he must want to sleep, but can’t.  Maybe he is so sleepy that he is not thinking clearly and is repeating things.  Overall I think that this poem is supposed to leave you confused, and interested in what the meaning is.  That must be why this poem is so popular, it leaves readers confused and searching for more, just like it has for me.

 [A1]Who “owns” these woods must be powerful.  Maybe even a spirit or higher being.  I can infer that the writer has not been in these woods for a very long time.  I can also assume the speaker must have a confused tone, and that he is commemorating an event that happened here. (1)
 [A2]“He” must not come or notice these woods often.  Where he lives he must be busy, and sort of ignore these woods.  Maybe this is why the poet is here.  And he must be far away. (2)
 [A3]The writer must not want to be seen, and is very secretive.  He might not be supposed to be here either.  And his business is secret, because he in no telling the reader what he is doing.  So the readers mood must be: interested and confused. (3)
 [A4]This related to the previous line, because he must not notice this place much. (3)
 [A5]This makes me think that the writer is jack frost, because this sentence sounds like the writer is filling the woods with snow. (4)
 [A6]He must be a traveler, I can infer that he has come a long way, and is bothered that “He” has not been in these woods. (5)
 [A7]This means strange or unusual.  So the horse must think it is strange that they are stopping in the middle of a cold forest. (5)
 [A8]Maybe he has no choice but to stop, because it is dark. (6)
 [A9]This assists my thought of it being jack frost, because not everybody can just stop and rest in the middle of the woods at dark. (6)
 [A10]This kind of seems that it symbolizes that these woods have kind of frozen in time. (7)
 [A11]Possibly this is why these woods are so silent, and empty. (8)
 [A12]This horse must be smart, if he knows that this is not a smart choice. (9)
 [A13]The horse must not like this idea of stopping . (10)
 [A14]These woods must be silent, this peace might seem mysterious to the reader. (11)
 [A15]This peace must symbolize something, possibly peace, abandoned, and loneliness. (12)
 [A16]It must be snowing right now, and I think this might symbolize beauty. (12)
 [A17]Possibly the writer came here for this beauty and peace, and that is why he is staying here. (12)
 [A18]This also shows that this place is beautiful. (13)
 [A19]Perhaps people get lost here, and he is on a search for someone or something.  and he wants to stay. (13)
 [A20]I think that he wants to stay, but can't because he is on a search for something.  Maybie that is why the horse is confused, it knows that they have other bussiness to do.  and someone is making him take this journey, someone who is powerful like the person who owns these woods. (14)
 [A21]This shows that he must be on a search for someone or something, and that he has already come many miles. (15)
 [A22] I can infer that he wants to sleep, but cant.

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (Sonnet 18)
By:  William Shakespeare

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day [A1] ?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate[A2] .
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May[A3] ,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date[A4] .
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven [A5] shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimmed[A6] ;
And every fair from fair [A7] sometime declines,
By chance, or nature's changing course[A8] , untrimmed;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade[A9] ,
Nor lose possession [A10] of that fair thou ow'st,
Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade[A11] ,
When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st[A12] .
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see[A13] ,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee[A14] .

            In the poem “Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?” by William Shakespeare, the poet’s tone is filled with admiration and passion for a girl. He loves her and compares her to things and settings that are known for their beauty, liveliness, and dreaminess. For example, “Shall I compare thee to a summer's day  ?” (1). He is comparing a beautiful sunny day, and lively people laughing and playing under the sun, to the love of his life. He also mentions that her beauty shines through dark times, like a star in heaven. When reading this following line, keep in mind how the poet is referring to the love of his life, and how heaven is known to be a dreamy place, where dreams come true before your eyes. ”… the eye of heaven shines” (5). No matter how much the poet loves her, he doesn’t always think so highly of her. For example, “And every fair from fair sometime declines” (7). He compares her also to a shining star who dims, and sometimes her beauty doesn’t shine as bright, but automatically comes back to life, mentioning how her beauty will never leave her side, and will always linger around her. “But thy eternal summer shall not fade”(9).  Though no matter what, the poet still loves her dearly, and thinks highly of her, and wants her spirit to live for eternity, as it does. “So long lives this, and this gives life to thee”(14). Overall, this poet thinks very highly of the fair love of his life.

 [A1]I can infer that the poet is referring to a woman that he loves, and thinks she is beautiful. I assume this, because a summer’s day is usually lovely, filled with beauty, as the sun is set high above the horizon. People laugh, and play outside, making the world a happy, and lively place. So, he is comparing a beautiful women which he loves, who is as beautiful as a summers day. I noticed that the first line is the title repeated.
 [A2]I just looked up the definition of temperate, and I discovered that it can mean mild, and pleasant. So, basically, he is saying that she is even more lovely then a sunny day, and more pleasant to be around. The poet is talking about this women with much devotion, comparing her to a summers day, and even exclaiming how she is actually better.
 [A3]Does this poem take place in may? Maybe he is saying that they do sometimes go through rough times (“rough winds shake the darling buds”). I suppose that he is referring darling buds to the woman he so dearly admires.
 [A4]I am not exactly sure what William Shakespeare means in this line, but I can infer that he might be saying that however much time he spent with thee, It seems to zoom by, and he will never spend enough time with thee.
 [A5]Don’t take this literally, because heaven doesn’t have eyes (if there is a heaven), and eyes aren’t hot.  I am not sure in what context the poet means in “hot” (5). If I were to translate this line, I would write: I see you as a dazzling star from heaven. Usually heaven is thought as a dreamy place, where everything is possible, and wishes come true.  
 [A6]Here, when the poet says gold complexion, he is talking about the “eye of heaven” (6), which might be a bright star. So basically, he is saying however bright this star (his love) can be, sometimes she dims. However beautiful she is, sometimes her beauty, can fade into the night.
 [A7]In the book Romeo and Juliet, which I have been reading, I have often read the word fair. That was the first time I’ve seen that word, but after I looked up this word in the dictionary, I learned that fair can mean beauty. Another way I could write this line would be: And every beauty from beauty sometimes declines. If you know synonyms for words, you can break up the phrase, making it more understandable.
 [A8]Nature makes me think of mother nature, so he might be referring to his loved one. I don’t think that in this context it means what I first think, but I will still tell you what I first think. I first think of a girl (“nature”) going through puberty (“changing course”). I don’t think that what I first think would fit in this sentence, because I first thought that Shakespeare was talking about a grown women. Maybe he is talking about mood swings???
 [A9]My translation for this line is: even though her beauty may dim once in a while, no matter what, He will still find the beauty in her. It will always linger around her. As I said before, breaking up the sentence, and knowing all of the vocabulary, this complex sentence can transform into come a legible and understandable sentence.
 [A10]He must truly love her, as he thinks of her as his: “thou ow’st (10). I might be mistaken, but I thought that ow’st meant my own. Overall, sometimes her beauty may decline, I can never imagine not having her by my side.
 [A11]At first, I had trouble understanding this line, but with Ms. Lukins help, I understood that of course she will die at one point or another, and death will brag, when she will stand in his grasp. He must think that what he sees in her, death sees the same beauty that lies in the poet's eyes.
 [A12]The poet thinks that she may die, and be in death’s possession, in his heart, as time passes, she will just grow, and become brighter than ever.
 [A13]This line defines life. If you can breathe, and see, you are truly alive.
 [A14]In this line, when he says “this”, I suspect that he is referring to the poem itself. He is saying even after your existence, you will still live in this poem, as long as it shall live itself.

African Trans-Saharan Trade Journals

Off to the Sahara Desert we go!  Students once again pretended to be African traders traveling across the treacherous Sahara Desert writing journals using their newly learned written language--Arabic!  In this project, students wrote at least three journal entries (beginning, middle, and end of their journey), translated their journals into Arabic, created a visual map of their journey illustrating events, recorded at least one journal entry as an audio file, and uploaded all of the pieces as well as pictures with captions to Edmodo (our online classroom).  Enjoy some of their finished products below!

Entry 1
I am leaving Awlil today to cross the Sahara Desert. I am going with my friend to Cairo to meet relatives and learn new customs. My best friends name is Thimba, it means lion hunter. My name is Nuru it means light. I was named that because my parents think that I was a leader from the start. We are now packing lots of water, food, salt, and gold. We hope to trade items along the way so we can survive on different needs. It is just my friend and I going on this trip. We are experienced travelers and know how to survive.

Entry 2
We are just off; our route is to go along the outside of the Sahara Desert. I brought a few weapons in case we run into robbers. We have traveled about 70 miles when we stop under a big shrub to set up camp. We gather rocks to make a fire pit when I lift up this rock and there was a fat tailed scorpion, with its stinger raised ready to strike, I pulled out my knife and cut its head off. Then the stinger, then I found more and did the same thing. After that, we had a nice stew, and went to sleep. I woke up around two o’clock in the morning, and the sun was just rising. I woke up my friend and we packed everything. We traveled about fifty miles when I noticed that Thimba wasn’t with me! Then my camel started going crazy! He was bucking around and shaking his leg. I calmed it down and looked at its leg. Right there, was a camel spider about the size of my palm, biting away.

Entry 3
Sorry, I stopped at a suspending moment. The camel spider saw me and jumped at my face. My instant reflexes kicked in and all you could see was two halves of a camel spider. I didn’t feel like eating it, because after I saw those fangs, I was freaked out! I found a fruit the size of a watermelon. I can’t remember the name, but I know very well that it heals bites. I cut up a piece and put it on the camel’s leg. The camel felt much better, and soon we were ready to go on.

Entry 4
Then I saw smoke and I knew that it was a fire. I traveled another fifty miles before we had to take shelter from a sand storm. It was very harsh and we had to stay behind a shrub. The camels were in front of us because they could shelter us too. They don’t mind the sand storm because they can keep their eyes open the whole time. They can do that because they have a clear eyelid that keeps sand out.  After a few hours it stopped. The sand was cooler now so I could walk easier. The problem is that all the other animals think so too.
Entry 5
I started walking but then I noticed that my camel fell! I saw what it was. There were bites all over it! I think that some bugs were hungry. Then I cut it open and a bunch of slimy gooey maggots fell out! I was so grossed out that I vomited several times. I stopped and realized that every time I vomited, I was losing more water, so now I was dehydrated and grossed out! I started seeing the smoke again and loaded up my gear and headed out. I traveled another twenty miles until I stopped under a shrub and took some cover for the night.

Entry 6
I woke up and packed everything. Then I saw it, a pit viper, three feet long. I grabbed it behind the head so it couldn’t bite me, and then buried it in the sand so it will have to dig its way out. After that, I started heading for the smoke again. I was much closer now so it took me about two hours before I reached it. Then I saw everything. The camp was deserted; the smoke was from a dowsed fire. I then saw some footsteps. They headed north. I knew that because it was nine o’clock in the morning and the sun is rising from the west. I started chasing after the footprints.

Entry 7
It took me another six hours to catch up with my friend. He was lying on the ground, dehydrated and robbed. I saw his water bottle by his side empty. I saw the city Tunis up ahead. The robbers might have been form there so we have to be careful. I laid a wet cloth along Thimba’s head and had him drink in small sips. If he drinks in huge gulps, he will vomit and lose lots of water. Anyways he woke up later and I showed him the city. We walk up to the main gates. We say that we are crossing the Sahara Desert and were separated, robbed, and dehydrated. They let us in and I soon found us an Arab merchant. He was selling zalabia. A wafer thin waffle like confection sprinkled with sugar.

Entry 8
I bought one. I have never tasted something so good in my life! It was amazing. I remembered that I also have to get new supplies for the rest of our trip. We found another merchant that was selling camels. I was suspicious in case they weren’t healthy. We bought the Healthiest one. I traded my yams for salt, and I bought more water. We found a place to stay for the night and we slept in an actual bed and new clothes were laid out for us. I was surprised and happy!

Entry 9
We stayed in the city for a night and soon we were ready to embark on our journey once again. We left after I bought some more zalabia. I am really addicted to that stuff. I really like it. Thimba and I were eating it along the way when around seven hours of hiking we ran into bandits they tried to ransack us but I tossed a weapon to Thimba and we fought against them. We managed to hold them off when a Desert Patrol came to help us. It turns out that the bandits were from Awlil too, and overheard us that we were going into the desert. They were soon arrested and we continued on our journey.

Entry 10
We traveled around another 50 miles when we settled under a small oasis. We started making camp. I made scorpion stew again and we had a nice feast. We went to sleep. I then woke up to the sound of Hissing. It was around three o’clock and I saw an Egyptian Rock Cobra on Thimba’s chest! I slowly crept around it and like I did with the pit viper, I grabbed it behind the head and threw it over a sand dune. That was a really close call; I woke up Thimba to tell him what happened when he screamed! I turned around and saw what happened. The warm campfire attracted so many animals that all we had was two bottles of water, and our camel. It surprised me that it didn’t die. We packed up everything that wasn’t contaminated and we broke camp.

Entry 11
We were walking for quite a while when I saw a mirage. I thought that it was a pool of water that was nice and cool. I wanted to run and jump in it. I wanted to swim around. I was so moved that I wanted to go in there that I ran and tried to jump in. Only it wasn’t water. It was QUICKSAND! I jumped in and then I became unconscious. The last thing that I remember is a hand reaching out to grab me. I then fell into the darkness of the quicksand.

Entry 12
I suddenly woke up. I was all sticky and was lying down. I was under a shrub. I felt hydrated, and healthy. Then I made my mistake. I moved my left arm and it hurt really badly. It was dislocated. I could see the socket bulging out of my skin. I finally had the courage to pop it back in place. I then striped off my shirt and made a sling out of it. I then saw my friend. He was sleeping on his blanket. I went over to him and woke him up. He said that he never had the courage to save me before. He said that he was always scared of the hazards. I said that I already helped him. He said how? I said you pulled me out of the quicksand. He said that he couldn’t thank me enough.

Entry 13
We started hiking again and after sixty or so miles, we saw pyramids. We got excited but we didn’t run we wanted to save our energy so we can get there on time. We camped out for the night and we all had a good night’s sleep. We didn’t light a fire tonight, because lesson learned. We woke up around five o’clock and started heading towards the Pyramids. Several hours later we have reached Cairo. We embraced our relatives and told them about our journey. They gasped and cried, and laughed. We had fun together and I bought everyone zalabia and we had fun. The crossing of the desert was fun, but next time, I will take the boat.

Here's another written in a narrative format.  This student worked with a partner and each student wrote their own journal in their own point of view, but the same narratives...they were sisters.

Fun with Figures of Speech!

Students got creative with figures of speech creating PowerPoint One-Pagers and GoAnimate movies identifying similes and idioms in the novel Seedfolks by Paul Fleischman and in everyday speech.  On the "Similes One Pager" students recorded and cited 3 similes from the novel and wrote 3 of their own similes about the novel and its characters, setting, etc.  In the "Idioms GoAnimate Moive" students use their GoAnimate app in Edmodo to create short movies of characters using at least 6 idioms in context.  

Here are some fabulous examples of the "Similes One Pagers":

Here are some fun examples of the "Idioms Movies" (click images below):

Here's one other activity students did matching idioms to illustrations and creating illustrations of their own with idioms of their choice:

Thursday, December 6, 2012

Trans-Saharan Trade Expedition!

Students embarked on the journey of a lifetime today pretending to renact the travelers along the trans-Saharan trade network.  Students were split up--half becoming African traders and half becoming Arab traders.  Students chose a new name (African or Arab) and wore name tags to distinguish themselves.  Then, they randomly picked 10 trade items from a paper bag--the Arabs receiving items such as spices, prayer rugs, perfume, and Arabic and the Africans receiving items such as gold, salt, ivory, and yams.  Students continued onto a message board on Edmodo introducing themselves, their trade items, and their feelings about their travels.  Then, we took off in caravans (named by each team) traveling through the campus, passing the "savanna" (a.k.a. the Quad), and finally reaching our destination, an "oasis" in the "Sahara Desert" (a.k.a. under the shade of trees neighboring the baseball field).  Students used language and gestures to communicate with each other trading items, bargaining, and walking away with new goods! After gathering their bounty of goods, we all headed back "home" to reflect in writing on the journey, including the trade items students received and how they might use their items once at home.  They finally voted on the most popular trade items and used Google Translate to write in Arabic something they learned or learned to speak during their trade expedition.  Enjoy the fun-filled day in photos below!